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J.-M. Evrard (1776-1860) "Baron Pierre-Jacques-Nicolas Rolland", important miniature on ivory!!, 1837
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Clearly signed "Evrard 1837.", this miniature portrait was painted either shortly before or just after the death (December 9th 1837; posthumous portrait?) of the sitter, retired inspecteur general du genie maritime (English: general inspector of Naval Engineers) Baron Pierre-Jacques-Nicolas Rolland.
The fact that the sitter appears considerably more youthful than his otherwise 68 years of age (he was born in 1769) speaks in favor of this portrait's being a posthumous one (i.e. painted between the 9th and 31st of December 1837); obviously the author of this miniature, Parisian artist Jean-Marie Evrard, based his work on Baron Rolland's earlier portrait. Moreover, the latter is portrayed wearing a uniform from the period of 1st Empire rather than one from the era of Louis Philippe.
Nonetheless, Baron Rolland is depicted with insignias of three awards that he received after (!) the end of the 1st Empire: he was awarded Order of Saint-Louis in 1817 and Commander Cross of the Legion of Honor in 1831 (see our image nr.9-10). His third award - Royal Order of Saint Michael - is represented in this portrait by black sash (so far we have not found the exact date of Baron Rolland's conferral of this order - it certainly happened after the Bourbons return).
Pierre-Jacques-Nicolas Rolland was born on the 17th of June 1769 in harbor town Brest into the family of Pierre Nicolas Rolland, engineer-constructor of the Brest Port. He followed in his father's footsteps and in 1785, at the age of 16 entered the service at Rochefort Port. Ten years later he was already an established engineer and shortly thereafter - chief-engineer. 1802 launching (under his commandment) of two major ships "Republique-Francaise" and "Magnanime" drew a lot of attention of Minister of Navy Denis Decres and Napoleon himself to the young engineer. In 6 years (1808) Napoleon, having visited Port Rochefort, was highly satisfied with Rolland's work there, ordered him to relocate to Paris as shipwright advisor and awarded him the title of "inspecteur general adjoint du genie maritime" (English: lieutenant-general-inspector of Naval Engineers).
In 1811 he was assigned to go from France to the Netherlands (back then - Kingdom of Holland ruled by the brother of Napoleon I, Louis), in order to compare shipbuilding methods of these two countries.
In 1817, during the Restoration, Rolland succeeded Sane as inspecteur-general titulaire (highest rank of Naval Engineers). In 1825 he was ennobled by Charles X to Baron. As mentioned above, Baron Pierre-Jacques-Nicolas Rolland died on the 9th of December 1837.
The author of this miniature, Jean-Marie Evrard (1776 Chauny, Aisne / France - 1860 Paris) was a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Regnault. During the Revolution he immigrated to London but, alike thousand of other émigrés, returned to Paris after the amnesty of 1802. He exhibited at the Salon between 1810-1836. Evrard painted portraits in oils and miniatures.
Provenance: private collection, Nantes / France
Condition: good; in original frame
Creation Year: 1837
Measurements:UNFRAMED:9,7x8,1cm/3,8x3,2in FRAMED: 19,7x16,4cm/7,8x6,5in
Object Type:Framed miniature
Style: Portrait Miniatures
Technique: watercolor on ivory
Inscription:signed and dated: Evrard 1837.; verso: legend
Creator: Jean-Marie Evrard
Creator Dates: 1776 Chauny, Aisne-1860 Paris
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