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# 42610

Ludwig W. Schlieter "Prussian Premier-Lieutenant Wichmann and His "Memoirs"", 1817/19, RARITY!!

4900  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 4900 USD

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PART I

The year 1816 marked important development in the life of Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Wichmann:
a premier-lieutenant of the Prussian 3rd "Kurmärkisch" Landwehr Infanterie- and Cavalry-Regiment (in the ranks of which he partook in all campaigns of the Liberation (anti-Napoleonic) War of 1813/14, as well as the French campaign of 1815, Wichmann was transferred (or rather "aggregiert" (ascribed to the unit with service at another station (War Ministry? General Staff?)) to the 27th Infantry Regiment (see our image nr.11).

Nevertheless, in the miniature, which is on view here, Premier-Lieutenant Wichmann is depicted in uniform of the 27th Infantry Regiment which already corresponds regulation of 1817 (so our permanent advisor, well-known specialist in Prussian military unforms, Stanislav Lyulin). Additionally, he is portrayed with two awards that he acquired still before his transfer to 27th Regiment: Prussian Iron Cross of the 2nd class and Prussian Memorial Combatant's Medal for Service in the Liberation War (or the so-called "Kriegsdenkmünze" for campaigns of 1813/15). We would like to mention that much later Wichmann will become a bearer of the Prussian "Cross for 25-years service".
The regiment's history of the 3rd Landwehr Regiment (CLICK HERE) informs us that Premier-Lieutenant Wichmann of the 3rd Battalion was awarded the Iron Cross of the 2nd class for distinguishing himself in combat by Wesel, on March 30, 1814.
In 1815, he fought in Belgium (at the finale of Napoleon's Hundred Days) and was wounded at Ligny on June 16. He remained at duty, but two days later was once again wounded - this time, in the Battle of Wavre.

Wichmann was born on May 14, 1794 in Bernau by Berlin and died in Suderode in Harz (then - Duchy of Saxe-Anhalt) on July 22, 1850 (by then - a retired colonel).

After his 1816 transfer to 27th Regiment he reappears again in 1819; by then - in rank of a "Hauptmann" (captain) of the same 27th Infantry Regiment (while still an "aggregierter" (ascribed) officer).
On May 30, 1834, he was promoted into the rank of a major and appointed Commander of the 2nd Battalion ("Strassundisch") of the 2nd Landwehr Regiment (see our image nr.12). It is highly likely that Wichmann occupied this position for a number of years. In 1842, he once again reappears in the 27th Infantry Regiment (as "aggregierter" (ascribed) major - see our image nr.13). Several years later (and by then, raised into the rank of a lieutenant-colonel), Wichmann retreated from the military service having erstwhile secured a rank of a colonel (a common practice to guarantee a higher military pension). As already mentioned, he died in 1850.

Back on May 24, 1819, in Magdeburg, where his 27th Infantry Regiment was stationed at the time, he married Amelie Eses (1800-1850). Their son, Hermann von (he was ennobled in 1859) Wichmann (1820-1886) became a Prussian General of Cavalry (see our image nr.14). Similarly, Hermann von Wichmann's son - Carl von Wichmann (1860-1922) - also reached esteemed rank of lieutenant-general of the Prussian Army (see our image nr.15).

This miniature is clearly signed "Schlieter px.". It is a work of Berlin miniaturist, who is chiefly known as author of miniature portraits of numerous Prussian officers (for example, see our images nr.16-17).

The author of this miniature, artist Ludwig W. Schlieter (active in Berlin in early 19th century), exhibited (according to Schidlof) at the Academy of Berlin in 1814. Thieme-Becker mentions a miniature by him with portrait of F. W. Krause. The latter was shown at the Berlin Exhibition of 1906.



PART II

We are proceeding now to the very important item in the pair offered here, namely handwritten by Wichmann in late 1840s (completed shortly before his death and based on recollections about his life in the period between 1808-1816) manuscript titled "Erinnerungs-Buch aus dem Leben des Verfassers C.F.W. Wichmann" (Memoirs from the life of author, C.F.W. Wichmann). This, never published manuscript is comprised of 158 described pages. It is without doubt a highly valuable find for any military historian of the Napoleonic epoch (especially for those specializing in history of the Prussian Army of that period).

Provenance: heirs of Wichmann family

miokt0318

Condition: fairly good

Creation Year: 1817/19

Measurements: UNFRAMED:7,2x6,1cm/2,8x2,4in FRAMED: 12,0x10,8cm/4,7x4,3in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait Miniatures

Technique: watercolor and gouache on ivory (oval)

Inscription: signed: "Schlieter px."

Creator: Ludwig W. Schlieter
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: act. in Berlin-early 19th c.

Nationality: German

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