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Johann Heinrich Schmidt (1749-1829) "Portrait of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony", outstanding pastel! 11500 EUR
Johann Heinrich Schmidt (1749-1829) "Portrait of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony", outstanding pastel!
Acquired together with our web # 25993 at the Viennese Auction House "Dorotheum" (sale "Kingdom", 19 April 2001, lot 201, as portraits of "members of Poniatowski Family - ?!; see our image #6), it is a supreme quality pastel portrait depicting in reality young Maximilian, Prince of Saxony. Moreover, the portrait was painted by well known German portraitist (especially a pastelist!) - Johann Heinrich Schmidt (1749-1829). Our image # 7 shows the author's own replica of this portrait, namely the one housed in Dresden Gallery. Image # 8 shows a portrait of Prince Maximilian painted by Anton Graff. Additional images #9-13 show several other works of Johann Heinrich Schmidt (among others, a number of his "Russian" portraits, painted during his two-year stay in St. Petersburg)!
Finally, our images # 14-16 show an article about the replic in the Dresden Gallery with extensive information about sitter and author of portrait.
The author Johann Heinrich Schmidt (1749 Hildburghausen - 1829 Dresden) was a pupil of his father, court painter of Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Johann Thomas Schmidt (d. 1790). In 1771-1773, he also studied under J.-B. Pierre at the Parisian Academie Royale. Thereafter, he moved to Turin, where he portrayed the wife of Count Artois (the future King Carl X of France). Back in his native Germany, in 1775, Schmidt became a court painter in Dresden, and was appointed a member of Dresden Academy. From Dresden he made trips to Prague, Vienna, Berlin and other German cities. During a long stay in Berlin he married in 1779 a young and beautiful widow from the Lower Saxony. Afterwards, he travelled to Kurland (present-day Latvia) and Lievland (Lithuania), where he similarly stayed a long time. In 1784, the artist relocated to St. Petersburg and remained there for two years. In Russian capital Schmidt found a truly generous patroness in Grand Duchess Maria Fedorovna, the wife of Catherina the Great's son, Grand Duke Paul (the future Tsar Paul I of Russia).
In 1805, on commission of his Elector, Frederick Augustus I (sic! his portrait is our web # 25993), Schmidt painted the Russian Tsar Alexander I. In 1813-1814, he portrayed Napoleon, as well as numerous other French, and, later, Russian generals. However, Schmidt's progressive eye ailment eventually put an end to his artistic performance.
Condition: In good condition, octagonal, framed
Creation Year: ca 1775 18th Century
Measurements: UNFRAMED:21,0x16,0cm/8,3x6,3in FRAMED: 48,6x43,5cm/19,1x17,1in
Object Type: Framed pastel
Style: Portrait miniatures
Technique: pastel on vellum, laid by corners on mount
Creator: Johann Heinrich Schmidt
Creator Dates: 1749 Hildburghausen-1829 Dresden
Click on images or on to see larger pictures!
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