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# 42749

Joseph Lanzedelly "Prince Moritz v. Liechtenstein as Proprietor of 6th Cuirassiers" 1809/10, DISCOVERY


(please note additional 13% tax applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)

The portrait, which is presented here, was never mentioned by any art historian. It was so far only known through a couple of partial reproductions (copper engravings) that were produced several years after it was painted (see our images nr.13-14). Executed in ca 1809/10, it is a superior quality portrait of the celebrated Austrian aristocrat and general- Prince, Moritz von und zu Liechtenstein. Here, he is depicted wearing the uniform of the Austrian 6th Cuirassier Regiment (he became the Chief (Proprietor) of this unit on April 17, 1809, and almost certainly ordered his portrait following this appointment).

Clearly signed in French "peint par Lanzedelly", it is an extremely important (and by far the best we have ever come across) work of Viennese miniaturist and lithographer - Joseph Lanzedelly the Elder.

Moritz Joseph Johann Baptist Prince von und zu Liechtenstein was born on 21 July 1775 in Vienna as a second son of Field-Marshal Prince Karl von Liechtenstein (1730-1789) and his wife Marie Eleonore von Oettingen-Spielberg (1745-1812). In 1772, he joined military service as an "Unterleutnant" (2nd lieutenant) in the 1st Carabinier Regiment "Sachsen-Teschen" No.5. In July 1776 he became major and Flügel-Adjutant (aide-de-camp) to Erzherzog Carl. Two years later (1798), he was promoted to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant-colonel) in 2nd Uhlan Regiment "Prince Schwarzenberg". On 25-26 March 1799 he fought at Stockach; here, the Austrian advance guard was cut off by the French in the wood at Orsingen; Liechtenstein gathered the remnants of the Austrian cavalry, charged in the face of two French batteries firing canister and cut his comrades out. On 16 October, Ney's division assaulted the Neckar Bridge near Wienheim nine times, but Liechtenstein's rearguard repelled all assaults thus saving the Austrian field hospital, the magazines and the army artillery reserve. Liechtenstein was wounded in this action. At Mösskirch on 5 May 1800, Liechtenstein commanded the advance guard; by a decisive charge against superior enemy cavalry, he saved many of the Austrians from captivity.
In 1800 he was promoted to Oberst (colonel) and appointed Commander of 2nd Uhlans. On 19 December 1800, he saved the Austrian train from capture after the defeat at Hohenlinden, by holding up the French until it crossed the River Traun. Unfortunately, the train was captured later anyway. On 18 August 1801, he was awarded the Knight Cross of the Military Maria-Theresian Order.
On 1 September 1805 the prince received his promotion to Generalmajor (major-general) but unfortunately was captured in the capitulation of Ulm (see our web # 33257). He negotiated with Napoleon, who was impressed with him. He then fought at Austerlitz in the advance-guard under Kienmayer, commanding the 4th Brigade, 1st Column.
Moritz von Liechtenstein was very distinguished in the 1809 campaign at Hausen on 19 April as a brigade commander in Prince von Hohenzollern's III Corps. He was again wounded, promoted to Lieutenant-Field-Marshal on the field on 27 May. That year he also was made proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment No. 6.
In 1813, he commanded the 1st Light Division; after the Battle of Dresden, he fought a successful rearguard action at Pretschendorf on 28 August and at Pretsch on 10 October, where he stopped Marshal Augereau's advance, causing him 1,500 casualties for 500 of his own. He also fought at Kösen on 21 October and at Hochheim on 9 December.
On 14 February 1814, the prince took Auxerre and advanced along the Rhone on Paris to fight there. On 23-24 February, he was defeated by Baron Auguste-Jean-Joseph-Gilbert Ameli's 12th Light Cavalry Brigade at Troyes. He fought in the allied victory at La Ferte-sur-Aube on 28 February. After the war of 1815 he commanded a division in Austria until his death on 24 March 1819 in Vienna.
We also like to add that on 13 April 1806, prince married in Eisenstadt (residence town of Esterhazy family) Princess Leopoldine Esterhazy (1788-1746; see our images nr.22-23). They had four children, three of whom (all girls) survived.
CLICK HERE for a book about Moritz von Liechtenstein.

For an earlier portrait of the Prince (once in our possession), see also our web #38630

Lithographer and miniaturist Josef Lanzedelly (also Lancedelli) the Elder was born in Ampezzo, South Tyrol, in 1772 (and not in 1774 as some sources say). He studied at the Academies of Venice and Vienna. This most versatile and productive Viennese lithographer of the early period of new print technique created extensive series of scientific reproductions as well as numerous portraits, genre scenes and caricatures. He dedicated himself almost completely to lithography, working for "Lithographic Institute". His successful attempts in the field of colour lithography together with Peter Fendi between 1819 and 1823 made this technique flourish in Vienna. Lanzedelly was also active as miniaturist. Influenced by Augustin and Guerin, he created numerous miniature portraits on board and ivory, depicting mostly persons of middle-class, theatre and art circles. The artist died in Vienna in 1831 (and not in 1832). His son, Joseph Lanzedelly the Younger (1807-1873), was also a well-known Viennese artist

Provenance: French antique trade (acquired on December 1, 2018)


Condition: good

Creation Year: 1809/10

Measurements:UNFRAMED:19,6x16,2cm/7,7x6,4in FRAMED: 26,6x23,3cm/10,5x9,2in

Object Type:Framed gouache

Style: 19th century paintings

Technique: gouache on vellum

Inscription:signed: "peint par Lanzedelli"; verso: old legend

Creator: Josef Lanzedelly

Creator Dates: 1772 Ampezzo-1831 Vienna


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